India and China’s Foreign Policy in West Asia: Soft Power Potentials

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Dr. D. Chandramouli Reddy


In international relations, West Asia’s physical location and closeness to continents and nations – such as South Asia, China, Central Asia, Europe, and Africa – give it a prominent place. In addition to the area’s abundant energy resources and commercial routes to other regions of the globe, Abrahamic religions trace their ancestry back to this region. Approximately 34% of global oil production, 45% of crude oil exports, and 48% of known oil reserves are attributed to this area. With the wealth of natural resources in the area, many countries want a piece of the action. Because of external and internal hostilities, the area has long been one of the most unstable in the world. Europe and the United States have occupied the region at different points in time and with differing degrees of success. State governments, populations, ecosystems, natural resources, and economies have all suffered due to the infamous Great Game. The region has been characterized by internal and external transformations like civil wars, religious fanaticism, sectarian rivalry, and separatist movements. In light of this background, this paper studied the foreign policies of India and China in West Asia through the prism of soft power and using a more realistic approach to assessing the present state of affairs.

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