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Economical growth is an indispensible to all kinds of development. There are number of Policies and Programme is being implemented for the betterment of People. Significantly to eradicate poverty and remove inequalities among the people, government at all levels have been implementing many poverty alleviation Programmes. Rural Development is an important segment of India’s economic development. Since independence, a serious of schemes has been adopted both by the central and the state governments to provide wage employment to the poor in rural India1.
In India, the following poverty alleviation Programmes were implemented to improve Livelihood of the People. National Rural Employment Programme (NREP), Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP),Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY)2 Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)Training of Rural Youth for Self-Employment (TRYSEM)3. Among all these programme MGNREGA is a major initiative of the Government of India towards poverty reduction and income generation among rural poor families. The act is distinguished from all other rural employment schemes by certain unique features. It intends to provide legal guarantee of employment to anyone who is willing to do casual unskilled manual labour at the statutory minimum wage. Any adult who applies for work under the act is entitled to being employed on public works without delay. Thus the act provides a universal and enforceable legal enforcement of the most basic form of employment4. In the present paper, an attempt has been made to study on the role of MGNREGA for sustainable development in Tamil Nadu.