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Depending on whether a researcher focuses on the functions, outputs, sources, or impacts of social capital, they may describe it in a manner that is distinct from other researchers' descriptions of social capital. "Social capital" is defined as "the cumulative value of all'social networks' and the inclinations that result from these networks to do things for each other," as stated by Robert Putnam (1993). Different phases of change are currently being experienced by India's indigenous tribal people. One tribe can be distinguished from another based on its distinctive way of life, its traditions, and its customs. They are dispersed around the country in a variety of its geographical regions. The current research will make a contribution toward a better understanding of the role that social capital plays in affecting these outcomes. This insight will enable tribal cultures to react more quickly to change than civilizations that had a certain number of resources. In addition to this, it sought to make some suggestions regarding the methods that could be used to improve the Paniya tribes' social capital in Tamil Nadu..