Analysis of the Complex Causes of Dropout of School in Nusa Tenggara Barat Indonesia

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I Nyoman Wijana


This study aims to explore, analyze, and describe the complexity of the causes of children dropping out of school in West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. The research was conducted in West Lombok Regency using qualitative methods based on the results of research and discussion using relevant theories, including theory; Pierre Bourdieu's class reproduction, John Broadus Watson's theory of behaviourism, and Raymond Boudon's rational choice theory, which can be concluded that the dropout phenomenon in West Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia is caused by many factors, namely; 1) early marriage, 2) poverty, 3) low motivation of children, 4) lack of parental support, 5) low IQ of children (not able to take lessons), and 6) social influence factors. Referring to the research findings, it is recommended to parties related to education policy that the problem of children dropping out of school cannot be solved alone by the government, so the government should involve universities to take part in dealing with the problems of school dropouts, for example with campus teaching programs, community service, and thematic Real Work Lectures. Al player that can holistically benefit the Malaysian education ecosystem.




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I Nyoman Wijana