Improving Indonesian Elementary School Students’ Writing Skill on Narrative Text using “GOGREEN” Learning Model

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Lukman Nugraha, Udin Syaefudin Sa’ud, Tatat Hartati, Vismaia S. Damaianti, Ryan Dwi Puspita


Background:We found several problems that showed students wrote essays in an irregular manner. They experienced difficulties to distinguish between the topic sentence and the main idea.  Their writing skill may fall into poor criteria. In addition to preliminary study, we conducted a writing competition in the schools. In terms of their participation, there was only 36% of the 150 students in the four schools participated. This shows their low participation and motivation to demonstrate their writing skill.

Objectives: This study is aimed to determine the increase in Elementary school students’ ability on writing narrative text using the GOGREEN model based on environmental literacy.

Methods:It applied a quasi-experimental with Nonequivalent Control Group Design. Data was collected using tests, namely pre-test and post-test. The analytical technique used is the normality test, homogeneity test and t test assisted by SPSS 25. The result of the research showed that there was a significant increase on students’ ability to write narrative text using GOGREEN model.

Results:This was indicated by the sig value. 0.000 obtained for each sample group. Students were able to apply the structure of the narrative text, namely in terms of orientation, complications, resolution, and coda arranged systematically as well as on the character of the narrative content.

Conclusions: In terms of the learning process, students’ improvement varies. Some factors play a role in their improvements like the character of each school, the design of the assignments from the teacher ,and the supporting facilities. In conclusion, GOGREEN Learning model is effective to improve students’ narrative text writing skill.

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