Ship Detention Factors Under Port State Control in Malaysia

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Mohammed Ismail Russtam Suhrab, Mohammad Abdullah Abu Sayed, Thivya Dharsni Muniandy, Ahmad Faizal Ahmad Fuad, Mohd. Hafizi Said, Tamim Ahmed


Port State Control (PSC) is the process of inspecting foreign ships in national ports to make sure that they adhere to international conventions and rules for safe shipping and the reduction of marine pollution. A ship is subject to detention when it is found unsafe to the crew, ship, and environment and is released once the deficiencies are rectified. Based on previous studies and information, this research selects ten factors of ship detention and identifies the main factors leading to ship detainment in Malaysia. Thus, a statistical analysis is conducted with the data provided by the Malaysian Marine Department and the Tokyo MoU PSC database. The factors that recorded the highest detainment are then considered the critical factors of ship detention in Malaysia. According to this research, the main factors that led to ship detention are certificates and documentation, life-saving appliances and fire safety measures, and countermeasures. Since there is limited research done in Malaysia, this study looks into various factors of ship detention, specifically in ports of Malaysia. Furthermore, this research proposes a proper decision-making method to ensure the ship's safety and pass over future inspections.

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