Role of Nanotechnology in Seawater Desalination

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Nitesh Patel, Unnati Joshi


Water shortage is a problem that affects everyone these days. In many places around the globe, local demand outstrips the capacity of available traditional resources of freshwater. This problem can be resolved by more efficient water usage, lowering distribution losses, and increasing the use of recycled water. The desalination of salt water is becoming increasingly popular as water resources are depleting at an alarming rate. Current desalination technologies necessitate the use of significant amounts of electricity, which is costly financially and in terms of environmental damage. Desalination technology has not advanced sufficiently, thus desalination alone will not suffice to increase the fresh water supply. It must be less expensive, dependable, and ecologically friendly than current technology. Water desalination technology based on nanotechnology will be available to address these needs soon. This study seeks to provide an overview of the most recent seawater desalination systems and assess the benefits and performance of seawater desalination using variables such as water flow and salt rejection.

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